Meclizine hydrochloride tablet

Description

Chemically, meclizine hydrochloride, USP is 1-( p-Chloro--phenylbenzyl)-4-( m-methylbenzyl) piperazine dihydrochloride monohydrate. The molecular weight is 481.88 g/mole. It has the following structural formula:

Meclizine Structural Formula

Meclizine hydrochloride tablets, USP are available in two different strengths, 12.5 mg and 25 mg.

Inert ingredients for the tablets are: anhydrous lactose, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, magnesium stearate and microcrystalline cellulose.

Clinical pharmacology

Meclizine hydrochloride is an antihistamine that shows marked protective activity against nebulized histamine and lethal doses of intravenously injected histamine in guinea pigs. It has a marked effect in blocking the vasodepressor response to histamine, but only a slight blocking action against acetylcholine. Its activity is relatively weak in inhibiting the spasmogenic action of histamine on isolated guinea pig ileum.

Pharmacokinetics

The available pharmacokinetic information for meclizine following oral administration has been summarized from published literature.

Absorption

Meclizine is absorbed after oral administration with maximum plasma concentrations reaching at a median T maxvalue of 3 hours post-dose (range: 1.5 to 6 hours) for the tablet dosage form.

Distribution

Drug distribution characteristics for meclizine in humans are unknown.

Metabolism

The metabolic fate of meclizine in humans is unknown. In an in vitrometabolic study using human hepatic microsome and recombinant CYP enzyme, CYP2D6 was found to be the dominant enzyme for metabolism of meclizine.

The genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 that results in extensive-, poor-, intermediate- and ultrarapid metabolizer phenotypes could contribute to large inter-individual variability in meclizine exposure.

Elimination

Meclizine has a plasma elimination half-life of about 5 to 6 hours in humans.

Indications and usage

For the management of nausea and vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness.

Contraindications

Meclizine hydrochloride tablets are contraindicated in individuals who have shown a previous hypersensitivity to it.

Warnings

Since drowsiness may, on occasion, occur with use of this drug, patients should be warned of this possibility and cautioned against driving a car or operating dangerous machinery.

Patients should avoid alcoholic beverages while taking this drug.

Due to its potential anticholinergic action, this drug should be used with caution in patients with asthma, glaucoma, or enlargement of the prostate gland.

Precautions

Pediatric use

Clinical studies establishing safety and effectiveness in children have not been done; therefore, usage is not recommended in children under 12 years of age.

Pregnancy use

Teratogenic effects. pregnancy category b

Reproduction studies in rats have shown cleft palates at 25 to 50 times the human dose. Epidemiological studies in pregnant women, however, do not indicate that meclizine increases the risk of abnormalities when administered during pregnancy. Despite the animal findings, it would appear that the possibility of fetal harm is remote. Nevertheless, meclizine, or any other medication, should be used during pregnancy only if clearly necessary.

Nursing mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when meclizine is administered to a nursing woman.

Hepatic impairment

The effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of meclizine has not been evaluated. As meclizine undergoes metabolism, hepatic impairment may result in increased systemic exposure of the drug. Treatment with meclizine should be administered with caution in patients with hepatic impairment.

Renal impairment

The effect of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of meclizine has not been evaluated. Due to a potential for drug/metabolite accumulation, meclizine should be administered with caution in patients with renal impairment and in the elderly as renal function generally declines with age.

Drug interactions

There may be increased CNS depression when meclizine is administered concurrently with other CNS depressants, including alcohol, tranquilizers, and sedatives. ( see WARNINGS). Based on in-vitroevaluation, meclizine is metabolized by CYP2D6. Therefore there is a possibility for a drug interaction between meclizine and CYP2D6 inhibitors.

Adverse reactions

Anaphylactoid reaction, drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, fatigue, vomiting and, on rare occasions, blurred vision have been reported.

Dosage and administration

Motion sickness

The initial dose of 25 mg to 50 mg of meclizine hydrochloride tablets should be taken one hour prior to travel for protection against motion sickness. Thereafter, the dose may be repeated every 24 hours for the duration of the journey.

How supplied

The 25 mg tablets are white to off-white, round, unscored tablets debossed with Mon one side of the tablet and MCZover 25on the other side. They are available as follows:

NDC 60760-312-30 BOTTLE OF 30

60760-312-90 BOTTLE OF 90

Store at 20 to 25C (68 to 77F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

REVISED MARCH 2014

MECL:R2

Ingredients and appearance - Product information

Meclizine hydrochloride tablet- Meclizine hydrochloride

Product information

Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC: 60760-312
Route of Administration Oral

Active Ingredient/Active Moiety

Ingredient Name Strength
Meclizine hydrochloride ( UNII: HDP7W44CIO)( Meclizine - UNII: 3L5TQ84570 ) 25 mgin 1

Inactive Ingredients

Ingredient Name Code
Anhydrous lactose ( UNII: 3SY5LH9PMK)
Silicon dioxide ( UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)
Crospovidone ( UNII: 68401960MK)
Magnesium stearate ( UNII: 70097M6I30)
Cellulose, microcrystalline ( UNII: OP1R32D61U)

Product Characteristics

Color white (white to off-white) Size 9 mm
Shape ROUND Score 1
Imprint Code M;MCZ;25

Packaging

# Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date
1 NDC: 60760-312-90 90 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC 2014/10/01
2 NDC: 60760-312-60 60 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC 2016/10/06
3 NDC: 60760-312-30 30 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC 2016/10/06

Marketing Information

Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Territorial Authority Marketing Start Date
ANDA ANDA202640 USA 2016/10/06

Labeler - St Marys Medical Park Pharmacy.( 063050751)

Establishment

Name ID/FEI Business Operations
St Marys Medical Park Pharmacy. 063050751 manufacture( 60760-312)

Package label.principal display panel